There are many measures have been taken so as to address climate change effectively and efficiently, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted by the international community in June 1992. According to the UNFCCC, each Party has the responsibility to exchange communication, including a national inventory of emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all GHGs, a general description of steps taken and envisaged to implement the UNFCCC as well as other information that the Party considers appropriate. According to the decision 2/CP.17 adopted by the seventeenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC, Non-Annex I Parties shall submit a biennial update report every two years consistent with their capabilities and the level of support in 2014. The biennial update report contains national GHG inventory, mitigation actions, the demand for capital technology and capacity building, the support received from GEF and accepts the international consultations and analysis onbiennial update report at the same time. As one of the Non-Annex I Parties, China has submitted “China’s Initial National Communication” and “China’s Second National Communication” to the Secretariat of the UNFCCC in December 2004 and in November 2012 respectively. The INC and SNC report the national GHG inventory of established year and fully reflect China's policies and actions on climate change to international community.
Based on the experience and lessons learned from the previous two NCs, the project will broaden and consolidate the network of stakeholders, including those in the government, research and education institutions, associations, social groups, enterprises, individuals and NGOs, enhance technical capacity of national experts, and strengthen the institutional framework for the preparation of NCs and BURs. Furthermore, the project will place greater emphasis on relevant policies on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change and the results of their implementation, promote the establishment and improvement of the domestic systems for measurement, report and verification, so as to enable China to effectively address climate change in the process of pursuing national sustainable development.
This project is to enable China to fulfill its commitments under the UNFCCC to prepare its Third National Communication (3NC) and Initial Biennial Update Report (BUR) and to gradually establish a supporting system of developing NCs and BUR in accordance with the Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications from Non-Annex I Parties (17/CP.8) and Biennial Update Reporting Guidelines for Non-Annex I Parties (2/CP.17) adopted by the Conference of Parties (COP).On the other hand, it will enable China to effectively implement policies and measures to control GHG emissions and strengthen capacity in integrating climate change concerns into national and sector development priorities.
3.Project Management and Deadline
Department of Climate Change, National Development and Reform Commission， sets up the Project management office to carry out the TNC. The project is funded by GEF and implemented by UNDP.
The duration of the project implementation is planed from 2015 to 2018, lasting 4 years and it starts in March 17, 2015.
The project will develop comprehensive national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory of 2010 and 2012, with extended categories and sources of GHG emissions and reduced uncertainties of the inventory. It will further improve the national GHG inventory database management system, with a view to administering inventory data in a more scientific way and making the preparation of GHG inventories a continuing process. The project will further improve the approach for projecting GHG emissions in China, and estimate China’s CO2 emission from energy activities in 2025. It will also identify key impacts of climate change and corresponding adaptation measures, describe relevant policies and measures which China adopts to address climate change, and introduce the activities of enhancing public awareness on climate change. It will provide relevant information on addressing climate change by Hong Kong and Macao. The project will lead to the submission of the TNC and BUR to the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC.
The subcontract projects and undertaking units are following:
(1)Inventory of GHG Emissions from Energy Activities, NCSC
(2)Inventory of GHG Emissions from Industrial Processes, Tsinghua University
(3)Inventory of GHG Emissions from Croplands and Change in Soil Organic Carbon Stocks of Croplands, IAP
(4) Inventory of GHG Emissions from Animal Husbandry, CAAS
(5)Inventory of GHG Emissions/Removal from Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Sector, FEEI(Research Institute of Forest Ecological Environment Protection with Forestry Research Institute of Chinese)
(6) Inventory of GHG Emissions from Waste,CRAES
(7) Updating China`s GHG Inventory Database, NCSC
(8) Projection Model and Scenario Analysis for Future Carbon Emissions in China, Tsinghua University
(9) Improving Public Awareness and Informing Policy-decision Making on Climate Change, Spread Government Policies to Address Climate Change, CEINet Data Co., Ltd.